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The ankle is the most hard-working joint of the human body. It carries the weight of the entire body and has to cushion every step, as well as establish balance when walking. It appears to be very flexible, but it is more like a hinge than any other form of joint. Slight overstretching can therefore cause significant damage. The ankle joint is particularly exposed to danger during sport.
ORTHOmedic is here to care for your acute injuries, chronic diseases and to restore your mobility. On this page you will find an overview of the most common ankle joint problems and some examples of how these can be treated. Many surgical procedures on the elbow can be carried out via arthroscopy. ORTHOmedic is specialised in this minimally invasive procedure. Your ankle joint expert here at ORTHOmedic is Professor Markus Schofer.
There are just two millimetres between being healthy and becoming completely inactive. Because that is roughly the size of the cartilage in the ankle joint. The cartilage can deteriorate, become uneven, and wear right down to the bone, until the joint becomes blocked. If diagnosed early enough, arthrosis can be slowed down or stopped altogether, for example through the regeneration of new cartilage. At a more advanced stage, only artificial induction of the joint (arthrodesis) or an endoprosthesis are effective treatment methods.
Bone spurs (osteophytes)
This particular form of arthrosis occurs more commonly among young patients and is usually caused by overexertion during sport. The disease is characterised by the growth of new bone material in areas where new bone is not supposed to grow. These growths, known as spurs, lead to chronic irritation of the mucous membrane in the joint, as well as arthrosis and pain. If diagnosed early, it is possible to surgically remove these spurs, and restore the full mobility of the joint. A procedure known as a cheilectomy can be carried out via an arthroscopy in order to do this.
Torn ligaments (rupture of the lateral ligament structure)
The outer ligament of the ankle joint is in fact made up of three bands. If you twist your ankle during sport or any other everyday activity, these ligaments can tear, either partially or completely. Treatment for a torn ligament depends on the severity of the injury. In most cases it helps to support the joint with splints or ortheses for a few weeks. Completely severed ligaments can be sewn together via an arthroscopy or replaced with a transplant.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome refers to a trapped nerve, in this case, the tibial nerve situated below the medial malleolus. If treated early enough, the pain can be cured completely and the nerve restored. Treatment involves stretching, splitting or loosening the corresponding ligament to relieve the pressure.